2 posts tagged

Fraud projects

Crypto cemetary – Dead ICO number rises

The rising market competition, new world regulations and investor overfed with scam projects and ideas had led to the point that most of ICOs tend to fail more and more times. As the market is already overwhelmed with the blockchain-based solutions and countless fraud attempts looking like the new industry solutions. Due to the latest statistics, there are already more than a thousand cryptocurrency projects that actually ceased to exist.

The analytical data provided by the DeadCoins and Coinopsy suggests that among such projects, ones can be found which show directly no hints of any planned developments or future activity in its protocol. The crypto coin cemetery is filling up despite to the market experiencing a specific cooldown since the last year. The  Dead Coins lists around 800 tokens which are out of the game for now, while Coinopsy estimates that more than 1,000 that had met their infamous fate.

Fewer than 4 percent of ICOs with market caps of $50 million to $100 million was successful or promising, according to a March analysis from ICO advisory firm Satis Group. Most ICOs were raising money without having an experienced development team or an actual product, just white papers studded with promises.

At the moment, the blockchain startups are faring worse than their counterparts in other industries. Going back in the past, in 2013 and 2014 precisely 103 companies received initial seed or angel funding in, but only 28% percent managed to raise additional financing, according to CB Insights’s report. For comparison – that number went up to 46 % of the 1,098 tech companies that raised a second round in the U.S. between 2008 and 2010. Among tech companies, 14 % went on to a fourth round, while only 2 percent of the blockchain companies did, the researcher found.

Such projects as BRIG, for example, represent the pure scam aimed to lure out money from its investors’ pockets. It goes way worse after that with the numerous fraudulent project such as one of the brothers Jack & Jay Brigov and Titanium for a fact. By the way, the latest one is an investigation which is being handled by the Securities and Exchange Commission USA (SEC) itself. Other latest scams worth mentioning are the CryptoMeth, Droplex, OreoCoin, and Roulettecoin.

Noteworthy is the amount of money wasted – the average amount of money stolen or lost due to these ICO projects gets close to several billion dollars of investment.
Even even though up to this points, numerous legislative acts had been issued in many countries, financial regulators which continuously check the issuers of tokens for legitimacy, the overall amateurness of investor’s approach often neglect one basic rule. Before investing in any suspicious activity which requires an initial project analysis at least, try not to invest all the money you have hoping to get huge profits sooner or later by reaching millions of dollars in extremely questionable projects.

Another enormous problems of ICOs are their either incompetent or openly fraud teams. The widespread disappearance of project authors took part quite often last year mostly – after getting the astronomic amount of investment into “innovative projects or platforms” on their assets globally, CEOs one after another started to disappear alongside with their bags of money flying off to offshore zones or private islands, having their future secured and backed by bankrupt investors.
Numerous exciting stories and legends about website malfunctions or the sudden “death” of developers count here as well.

Hackers and cybercriminals represented another common threat, which affected even the decent projects and their teams. That includes the direct strike on initial coin offering campaigns while the token sale stages, wallets and exchanges hits and more, which resulted in both investors and project creators suffering from this activity.

However, earlier this month, SEC chief Jay Clayton said that his agency’s fight against fraudulent ICO is just beginning. At the same time, companies that raise funds through sales of digital tokens should not have any illusions and think that the government will treat them differently than to firms participating in the traditional securities market.

The previous results of the Satis Group study indicated the amount of $ 1 billion collected by the fraudulent ICOs in 2017. Out of the thousands, 271 projects had issues with the White Paper plagiarism, either had employees who pretended to be somebody they are not or had another vicious indicator of fraud activities.
Moreover, an additional study conducted after had shown that only 8% of the tokens after ICO were able to get listed on the well-reputable exchange.

No doubt, we are about to see a lot more abandoned ICO that never make it to exchange and overall ICO investments may become unprofitable. Due to CoinSchedule info, ICOs have raised $11.75 billion only during 2018 up to this point.

2018   Blockchain   Crypto industry   Fails   Fraud projects   ICO

Top cryptocurrency deceptions

The cryptocurrency market had its moments of glory last year and that attracted the sharks from all around – hackers, criminals and fraudsters, despite the current shifts, market dips and regulations, are still aim strong on luring the digital assets out of consumer wallets.

Basically, there is no shortage of ways of how to lose money in today’s crypto industry, which includes overestimated predictions, fraud commercials, Ponzi schemes and financial pyramids, an overwhelming number of ICOs made solely on purpose to make their creators rich, weak investment strategies and most importantly – the lack of market understanding.

Moreover, today’s crypto investors highly lack profile education as well as proper strategic thinking and, in turn, the market players capitalize on it big time.

For example, Andrew Smith, the director of the trade watchdog’s Bureau of Consumer Protection, speaking recently during an event focused on cryptocurrency scams and fraud, told that the consumers would lose more than $3 billion by the end of 2018.

Becoming an ICO investor is not so hard and overcomplicated as being the IPO participant due to numerous reason, and the entry barrier into the Blockchain niche is not high at all. However, the statistics show that the lack of knowledge and experience results in high losses and over-the-top revenues for ICO creators.
We need to consider the most known and usable cases of these fraud activities:

1)Overestimated false perspectives

There are numerous examples over the Internet where companies and specific people offer the so-called “investment boosts” or “the new strategies” to lure out trustful investors or enthusiasts.

That start’s at doubtful offers of participation in new Ponzi/Pyramid schemes (of course, they all seem legit and solid at the start) or mining bigt time-solutions and goes further with an invitation to invest in a new shiny fake coin to get huge profits in a long-term perspective.

Thus, an investor should be smart and careful in projects selection and not to overestimate the real possible profits of the industry in 2018 – nowadays, market and it’s returns are not skyrocketing as it had been last year.

Of course, these kinds of commercials visuals appeal to classic good old desires like shiny resorts lor luxurious life, or newly-born teenager millionaire stories or just something new. Anyway, if one’s not eager to lose the money he should not buy this and not participate in giving back to anonymous teams or getting involded in another become-a-millionaire-in-3-days-offers.

2)Simple phishing

So far, it is the oldest and most often used method of cyber fraud and crime – little wonder these things had reached into the crypto world. Phishing itself is the way of intrusion of the malicious programs, viruses or other programs aimed to harm your computer or digital device to your device while pretending to look at usual software. For this to work, things used as website creation to require the password, newsletter with viruses, open wi-fi networks, etc.

Moreover, cryptocurrency wallet prompts are often used for tricking out users to send their original keys to hackers. For example, the fraudsters targeted PCs using this Ethereum browser wallet to hijack the accounts by adding a window requesting users to «confirm» their seed phrase – as a matter of fact, that happened to MetaMask.

So, the phishing is a mass and often used method working on the large-scale, and it is not on the list of the witzy-looking fraud solutions.

3)Risky Crypto Exchanges

Basically, the exchanges at large are used to buy/sell and trade the cryptocurrency. Most people praise Bitcoin, and a few main digital assets only and over time try to people trade the less popular currencies into Bitcoin or transfer it to traditional fiat currencies. Though even the most known and well-established exchanges with good reputation provide specific security options and look solid, holding the substantial amount of money on these accounts during the extended time is still a risky game – nowadays no can tell about the malfunctions, hacks or something worse.

Overtime as the crypto assets popularity rose to the moon, the amount of operating and fake exchanges increased as well. So, losing money had become even easier by participating in those shady exchanges operations and trading there only to find out soon enough that the funds you want to withdraw are no longer available.

4)Mining operations faked

Getting Bitcoins and cryptocurrency through mining operations had been trends years ago and building massive mining farms including numerous machines in the second- and third-world countries are things of one can hardly be surprised nowadays.

Thus, commercial offer for investing in those mining operation had become quite popular with shiny prospects and promises about the more and more improved and vast GPU processing units and power levels. No matter to mention the astronomic revenues from this activity.

Quite often, proofs are not provided and money requested are promised to return usually in a long-time perspective only – these make months if not years. Moreover, the payback never actually comes. Do notice the vital point – chances of getting robbed or lose the money increase the less control over your assets and money you have.

So, by attracting the funds to these companies and investing in their hardware one can only make rich the wrong people.

5)Lack of assurance

As the digital age advances, more and more fraudsters activities appear over time. However, the technologies like social engineering are still strong. In case one keeps little attention on what’s going on with his wallet and it’s actives, he’s surely making a perfect target and prey out of his himself.

Actually, the now-popular Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) at large can as well be regarded as scam activities, and they even are getting banned in certain countries. However, before the industry boom in 2017, a lot of ICOs had made many people become millionaires.

ICOs rather represent a fundraising tool for innovative technology startups in the world of blockchain made to receive funding directly from the crypto enthusiasts and investors as well as future users. As it often happens, this became a convenient method for a lot of quick-thinking fraudsters to get their hands on a new shiny Lamborghini or a full-stacked island with a condo in the Pacific.

Of course, even right now one can still earn fat X’s for investing into the right project with decent team and perspective idea, or you can just accidentally invest into some joke coin and hit an unexpected price growth which makes you a millionaire.

How to get scammed?

So, what is the surest way of losing your money?

To invest in ICOs that without any innovative ideas, no website or media presence or advisors who are the developers. Whitepaper full of wordiness and no actual business model/tokenomics is another point to look out. Of course, the less you know about the people involved in the project and their plans, the better is for its scammy developers. What happens next? The coin’s price usually goes down in an instant as it hits exchanges. Its team disappears with profits leaving you empty-pocketed.

One part of the problem is a lack of care on the part of investors. This was an issue highlighted by Joe Rotunda, enforcement director for the Texas State Securities Board. Also, it’s an especially acute one set against the backdrop of a huge rise – and subsequent fall – in the value of cryptocurrencies over the past six months.
Coin Center director of research Peter Van Valkenburgh said that people get sucked into fraud – from exit scams to pump-and-dump schemes – merely because they’re looking to see a higher return on their investment.

“I think nobody should ever buy any more cryptocurrency, put anymore [into] cryptocurrency than what they are completely willing to lose … if you are willing to participate at all,” Van Valkenburgh remarked.

However, at all times the best strategy is to take any actions with a clear mind and always think in advance where your desires to get rich instantly can get you in the end.

2018   2018   Crypto currency   Fraud projects   ICO   ICO Scams